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Bechoros 30


(a) What does our Mishnah say about someone who is suspect ...
  1. ... on Shevi'is or Ma'asros? What do Ma'asros mean in this context?
  2. ... on both Shevi'is and Ma'asros?
(b) What are the ramifications of the first ruling? Does it exempt the purchaser from Mas'asering whatever he buys from him?

(c) What K'lal does our Mishnah teach regarding someone who is suspected of transgressing a specific Mitzvah?

(a) Seeing as Shevi'is and Ma'aser are both Isurim d'Oraysa, why is someone who is suspect on ...
  1. ... Shevi'is not automatically suspect on Ma'aser?
  2. ... Ma'aser not automatically suspect on Shevi'is?
(b) And why is someone who is suspect on ...
  1. ... Shevi'is and Ma'aser not automatically suspect on Taharos?
  2. ... Taharos automatically suspect on Shevi'is and Ma'aser?
(a) What can we extrapolate from the Beraisa 'Ne'eman al ha'Taharos, Ne'eman al ha'Shevi'is'?

(b) How does Rebbi Ila'i establish our Mishnah, which holds 'Chashud al ha'Taharos Eino Chashud Lo al Zeh ve'Lo al Zeh', to reconcile it with the Beraisa?

(c) How does Rebbi Yanai b'Rebbi Yishmael establish the Beraisa to reconcile it with our Mishnah?

(a) Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan establishes our Mishnah like Rebbi Akiva S'timta'ah.
Why can this not mean that most S'tam Mishnahs and S'tam Beraisos were learned by Rebbi Akiva's Talmidim, and therefore follow his opinion?

(b) So what does it mean?

(c) The Chachamim however, hold that someone who is suspect on Shevi'is, is automatically suspect on Ma'aser.
Why is that? Whose opinion is this?

(d) The source for this is an episode that took place in Rebbi Yehudah's town.
What did 'Shimon' reply when 'Reuven' called him a Ger, the son of a Giyores?

(a) In the second Lashon, Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan quoted the Chachamim as saying 'Chashud al ha'Ma'aser Chashud al ha'Shevi'is', and established it like Rebbi Meir.
What principle does Rebbi Meir state regarding someone who is suspect on any one Isur?

(b) Why did he then issue the ruling 'Chashud al ha'Ma'aser Chashud al ha'Shevi'is'? What will he hold in the case of 'Chashud al ha'Shevi'is'?

(c) Rebbi Yonah and Rebbi Yirmiyah, Talmidim of Rebbi Ze'eira (or Rebbi Yonah and Rebbi Ze'eira, Talmidim of Rebbi Yochanan), who both establish our Mishnah like Rebbi Akiva, made one statement each.
What did each one say?

(d) Our source for this is a Beraisa, where Rebbi Meir holds that an Am ha'Aretz who undertakes to be a Chaver, and who is suspected on one thing, is suspected on the entire Torah.
What do the Rabbanan say?

Answers to questions



(a) What does the Beraisa say about a Ger who later becomes suspect on transgressing ...
  1. ... one Mitzvah?
  2. ... the entire Torah?
(b) What is the practical significance of this ruling?

(c) The Beraisa talks about the acceptance of Chaveirus, Geirus, Leviyah and Kehunah.
On what condition is their Kabalah valid?

(d) What additional requirement does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah add to this?

(a) To become a Chaver, what does one need to do, besides declining to give one's Terumos and Ma'asros to an Am ha'Aretz, work in Taharos by an Am ha'Aretz and eat one's Chulin be'Taharah?

(b) What are the advantages of being a Chaver?

(c) What are the ramifications of ...

  1. ... a Levi accepting the Leviyah? What is he required to accept in order to be accepted?
  2. ... a Kohen accepting the Kehunah?
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tzav "ha'Makriv es Dam ha'Shelamim ... mi'B'nei Aharon Lo Sih'yeh Shok ha'Yamin le'Manah"?
(a) What distinction does the Tana Kama of a Beraisa draw between someone who already practices Divrei Chavrus at home when he comes to Beis-Din to accept Chaverus, and someone who doesn't?

(b) What does Rebbi Shimon say?

(c) The procedure begins with Kenafayim.
What does 'Kenafayim' mean?

(d) What will be the Din if the potential Chaver is only willing to accept Chavrus ...

  1. ... for Kenafayim (but not for Taharos)?
  2. ... for Taharos (but not for Kenafayim)? Why the difference?
(e) On what grounds do we accept a Chaver who undertakes to observe Kenafayim only (at this stage), bearing in mind what we learned earlier that someone who fails to accept one detail, cannot be accepted?
(a) According to Beis Shamai, one has to practice Chaverus for thirty days to be believed regarding Tum'as Mashkin.
For how long must he practice it to be believed with regard to his clothes (not being considered Medras in the eyes of Perushim [other Chaverim])?

(b) Why the difference?

(c) What other connotations do the thirty days and the twelve months waiting periods have?

(d) On what grounds do we reject the suggestion that according to Beis Hillel, we give him a year either way?

(e) So what do Beis Hillel hold?

(a) In front of how many people must one undertake Chaverus?

(b) How about his family (according to the Tana Kama)?

(c) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel holds that his family require three people too.
Why is that?

(d) 'L'fi she'Eino Domeh Chaver she'Kibel le'Ben Chaver she'Kibel' might also refer to the Tana Kama.
What would it then mean?

(a) According to the Tana Kama, even a Talmid-Chacham requires an undertaking in front of Beis-Din.
Who doesn't require it? Why is that?

(b) What does Aba Shaul say?

(c) What does he even add to that?

(d) What was Rebbi Yochanan referring to when he said that the current Beraisa was learned in the days of Rebbi Chanina ben Antignos?

(a) To whom did Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Yossi send a pair of Rabbanan with a She'eilah concerning a Safek that they had regarding Taharos?

(b) What did Rebbi Chanina ben Antignos, who was busy with Taharos when they arrived, do, before going to look into it?

(c) What did Rebbi Yehudah comment, when the Rabbanan reported what had happened?

(d) What did Rebbi Yossi's respond in defense of Rebbi Chanina ben Antignos?

(a) What does the Beraisa say about ...
  1. ... the wife of a Chaver?
  2. ... the wife and children of a Chaver after his death?
  3. ... a courtyard where Techeiles is sold?
(b) And what does the Tana Kama of another Beraisa say about ...
  1. ... the wife or daughter of an Am ha'Aretz who marries a Chaver, and the Eved of an Am ha'Aretz who is sold to a Chaver?
  2. ... the wife or daughter of a Chaver who marries an Am ha'Aretz and the Eved of a Chaver who is sold to an Am ha'Aretz?
(c) What does Rebbi Shimon Elazar say about the latter cases?

(d) And how did he illustrate his point with a story that he quoted from Rebbi Meir about the wife of a Chaver who used to tie her husband's Tefilin on his arm?

Answers to questions

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