REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bechoros 9
BECHOROS 7-10 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
(a) What does our Mishnah say about a donkey that gives birth for the first
time to ...
(b) On what basis is one permitted to eat the latter?
- ... two males?
- ... a male and a female?
(c) And what does the Tana say about someone whose two donkeys gave birth
for the first time to ...
(d) Assuming that one of those two donkeys is not giving birth for the first
time, and between them, they gave birth to two males, the owner must give
one lamb to the Kohen.
- ... two males?
- ... a male and a female or two males and a female?
- ... two females and a male or two females and two males?
What must he do however, if they gave birth to male
and a female?
(a) Why does the Tana cite the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "u'Feter Chamor Tifdeh
(b) What does "Seh" incorporate?
(c) Under what circumstances does the Tana permit redeeming another donkey
with the same lamb?
(a) On what grounds does Rebbi Yossi ha'Gelili (in the Mishnah in the second
Perek) obligate someone whose sheep gave birth for the first time to two
lambs, to give them both to the Kohen?
(b) With which case in our Mishnah does Rebbi Yirmiyah therefore maintain
that he disagrees?
(c) How does Abaye reconcile Rebbi Yossi ha'Gelili with our Mishnah? What
does he learn from the Pasuk in Bo "Ha'Zecharim la'Hashem"?
(d) Why do we not then learn Beheimah Temei'ah from Beheimah Tehorah (with a
(a) According to the second Lashon - which suggestion is Abaye coming to
Answers to questions
(b) What problem does our Mishnah present Abaye? What ought the Tana to
have added, seeing as the author might be Rebbi Yossi ha'Gelili?
(c) We also query Abaye from a Beraisa.
What does the Beraisa say that
repudiates his opinion?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Beha'aloscha "Peter Kol Rechem"?
(b) Why does that cause us to suggest that the Rabbanan hold that 'Miktzas
Rechem Mekadesh' (part of the womb will suffice to sanctify the Bechor)?
(c) Why is it not necessary to say this, according to Rebbi Yossi ha'Gelili?
(d) How does Rav Ashi refute that suggestion?
(a) In the cases in our Mishnah where the owner is permitted to eat the lamb
himself, why does he need to designate it before eating it (seeing as the
donkey has no Kedushah that needs to be redeemed)?
(b) This is the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa.
What does Rebbi
(c) On what grounds do we refute the suggestion that the Isur Hana'ah is the
result of the obligation ...
(d) We reject this latter refutation however, on the grounds that Torah does
indeed require a lamb.
- ... to redeem it?
- ... to redeem it specifically with a lamb?
Under which circumstances would that be?
(a) So we conclude that Rebbi Yehudah does indeed forbid deriving any
Hana'ah from the donkey before it has been redeemed, because of the
circumstances where only a lamb will redeem it.
What problem do we have
with this from the Mishnah in Kidushin, where Rebbi Yehudah himself rules
that if someone betroths a woman with Ma'aser Sheini be'Meizid (with the
intention of transferring its Kedushah), the Kidushin is valid?
(b) We answer by citing Rebbi Elazar.
What does Rebbi Elazar say about the
woman in the latter case?
(c) How will this S'vara apply to Pidyon Peter Chamor?
(d) If the woman becomes obligated to redeem the donkey, with what is she
(a) What reason does Ula then give to explain why Rebbi Shimon holds that
the donkey is Mutar be'Hana'ah?
(b) How do we reconcile this with Shevi'is, which is forbidden even though
the Pidyon is permitted? What did Mar say about that?
(a) Alternatively, Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon argue over the Pasuk in
Re'ei "Lo Sa'avod bi'Vechor Shorecha ve'Lo Sagoz Bechor Tzonecha".
does Rebbi Yehudah mean when he Darshens "Shorecha" and "Tzonecha", 'Aval
Atah Oved be'Shelcha she'Lecha u've'shel Acherim', Aval Atah Gozez she'Lecha
(b) What does Rebbi Shimon learn from "Shorecha" and "Tzonecha"?
(c) What problem do we have with ...
- ... the fact that there are two words that need to be Darshened? On whom is the problem?
- ... Bechor Adam, according to him?
(a) So we conclude that both Tana'im preclude Bechor Adam from "Shorcha",
and they argue over "Tzoncha".
If Rebbi Yehudah learns from there that
the shearings of a Bechor that is partially owned by a Nochri and its work
are permitted, on what grounds does Rebbi Shimon (who precludes a firstborn
donkey from the prohibition), as we just learned, disagree with him?
(b) According to Rebbi Yehudah, why does the Torah write ...
(c) According to Rebbi Shimon, why does the Torah write "Shorcha" and
- ... "Tzon*cha*"?
- ... "Shorcha", and not just 'bi'Vechor Shor'?
(d) What does Rabah (in Rebbi Shimon) say about a firstborn donkey whose
neck has been broken? What is Rebbi Shimon's source?
(a) Abaye learns this from a Beraisa.
What does the Tana say about Orlah,
K'lai ha'Kerem, Shor ha'Niskal, Eglah Arufah, Tziprei Metzora, Peter Chamor
and Basar be'Chalav? What do they all have in common?
(b) What is the case of Peter Chamor? Under what circumstances would it be
considered a food (apart from where the Shechted animal is still convulsing,
as we learned in Chulin)?
(c) Seeing as all of these are Asur be'Hana'ah anyway, what difference will
the fact that they are Tamei Tum'as Ochlin make?
(d) Rebbi Shimon disagrees with the Tana Kama, on the grounds that something
that is Asur be'Hana'ah is not subject to Tum'as Ochlin, except for Basar
What reason does he give for that?
(a) Rebbi Asi Amar Rebbi Yochanan cites Rebbi Shimon's source as the Pasuk
in Shemini "mi'Kol ha'Ochel Asher Ye'achel".
Answers to questions
What does he extrapolate from
(b) What problem does this create regarding Rebbi Shimon's reason for
permitting Basar be'Chalav (based on Rebbi Shimon opinion regarding deriving
benefit from Basar be'Chalav)?
(c) He learned that from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Ki Am Kadosh Atah la'Hashem
Elokecha" (Re'ei, in connection with Basar be'Chalav) "ve'Anshei Kodesh
Tih'yun Li" (Mishpatim).
In which connection is the latter Pasuk written?
(d) What do we answer?