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Bechoros 21

*********************GIRSA SECTION*********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, the Tzon
Kodshim and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section
is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in the
Gemara and Rashi)

[1] Rashi 21a DH Tana Kama Is Lei (at the end):
The words "Iy Hachi, *Nami Mishkachas Lah"
should be "Iy Hachi, *Hachi* Nami Mishkachas Lah"

[2] Rashi 21a DH Nichnasim:

*1*) [line 2] B'SOCH SHENASAH - According to the first and third explanations of Rashi, this means that an animal that had a discharge of blood will not give birth within a year of *that discharge*. Accordingly, it *certainly* will not give birth within a year of its own birth, since its own birth affects it no less than a discharge.

2) [line 6] IKA BEINAIHU D'ZE'IRI - they argue with regard to Ze'iri's statement (Ze'iri said (20a) that an animal will not become pregnant less than 30 days after Tinuf (or a proper birth)). See chart.

3) [last line] MECHUSAR ZEMAN
It is forbidden to offer an animal as a sacrifice before it is eight days old, as the verse states, "Shor O Chesev O Ez Ki Yivaled, v'Hayah Shiv'as Yamim Tachas Imo, umi'Yom ha'Shemini va'Hal'ah Yeratzeh l'Korban Isheh la'Sh-m" - "A bull or a sheep or a goat that is born, it shall be under [the care of] its mother for seven days, and on the eighth day and onward it will be acceptable as a fire-offering to HaSh-m" (Vayikra 22:27). An animal that is less than eight days old is called "Mechusar Zeman," since time must pass before it can be offered as a Korban. (See Background to Chulin 38:15.)


4) [line 7] GO'EL MUM TEMURAS ACHILAH - These are the four ways in which Ma'aser Behemah and Bechor are similar (to the exclusion of all other types of Kodshim):
1. GO'EL - they are not redeemed when they have a Mum. With regard to Ma'aser the Torah says, "Lo Yiga'el" (Vayikra 27:33), and with regard to Bechor the Torah says "Lo Sifdeh" (Bamidbar 18:17).
2. MUM - they attain full Kedushah even though the animal had a blemish at the time it became Kadosh.
3. TEMURAS - animals with which they are exchanged are *not* offered on the Mizbe'ach.
4. ACHILAH - they are eaten when they have a Mum (and are not first redeemed like other Kodshim).

5) [line 8] ZACHAR KADOSH B'MATANOS PASHUT - These are the four ways in which Ma'aser Behemah and other Kodshim are similar (to the exclusion of Bechor):
1. ZACHAR - they do *not* apply only to male animals.
2. KADOSH - they have to be sanctified (in contrast, a Bechor is automatically sanctified at birth).
3. B'MATANOS - they are *not* among the priestly gifts.
4. PASHUT - they apply to all offspring of an animal, and not only to the firstborn.

6) [line 11] KED'AMREI RA'AVASA D'TZALTA "ATZAR CHAYUSA" - like the shepherds of Tzalta say, "The womb contracted" (and consequently destroyed the fetus)

7) [line 12] BA'ABU'EI D'DAMA - bubbles (globules) of blood
8) [line 30] SHE'SHAF'AH CHARARAS DAM - that discharged a [large] clot of blood

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