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Bechoros 5

BECHOROS 5 (28 Sivan) - dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisroel Zev [ben Rav Avrohom Tzvi] Gustman, Zecher Tzadik Li'Vrachah, author of "Kuntresei Shi'urim", renowned Dayan of pre and post-WWII Vilna, and Rosh Yeshiva of "Yeshivas Netzach Yisrael-Ramailes" of Vilna/Brooklyn/Yerushalayim), on the day of his Yahrzeit. Sponsored by a number of students who merited to study under him: Harav Eliezer Stern and Harav Zalman Stern of Brooklyn NY; Yechiel Wachtel and Michoel Starr of Yerushalayim.

*********************GIRSA SECTION*********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, the Tzon
Kodshim and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section
is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in the
Gemara and Rashi)

[1] Gemara 5a [line 3]:
The word "*d'Milsa*"
should be "*Milsa*" (as it appears on 56a and elsewhere)

[2] Rashi 5a DH l'Olam Ika:
The words "she'Higi'u l'Me'ah ka'Chashiv *bi'Chelalei*"
should be "she'Higi'u l'Me'ah ka'Chashiv *be'Kikarei*"
(as Rashi repeats later)

1) [line 3] REBBI YOCHANAN CHAZA'I BE'CHELMA ... AMINA - I saw Rebbi Yochanan appear to me in my dream last night, which is an omen that today I will say something with good reasoning

2) [line 4] "LI YIHEYU" - "[For every firstborn is Mine...] they shall be Mine" (Bamidbar 3:13)

3) [line 21] B'GIVUY KESEF - with regard to the collection of the money (the half-Shekel collected from each male adult in the desert; see Chart)

4) [line 27] KOVYUSTUS - (a) gambler, who incurs debts and steals money to pay them back (TOSFOS); a kidnapper (RASHI) (see Insights)

5) [line 28] U'MECHETZEH SHALEM LO HECHEZIR - and he did not give over for the Mishkan even half of what he received

6) [line 30] MANEH SHEL KODESH KAFUL HAYAH - the Maneh used for the Mishkan was double the size of the Maneh used for ordinary purposes; i.e. it was the equivalent of 200 Dinar

7) [line 33] BEI GAZA - [for the] treasury
8) [line 37] V'LO MENA'AN HA'KASUV ELA BI'FROTROT - and the verse only counted them in units, not in Kikars

9) [line 43] PERATEI LO KA CHASHIV B'KIKAREI - units were not counted as Kikars; i.e. if the value of the coins added up to less than 100 Kikars they were counted in denominations of lesser value

10) [line 48] PERATA ZUTA LO KACHASHIV B'KIKAREI - small units were not counted as Kikars; i.e. if the value of the coins added up to less than *ten* Kikars, then they were counted in denominations of lesser value


11) [line 2] MOSIFIN AL HA'MIDOS - we can increase weights and measures
12) [line 4] SHESUSA MIL'VAR - the sixth part that is added is from the resultant total; i.e. to each five portions one is added, an addition of twenty percent

13) [line 5] B'VEIS MOSVA RABA - in the great Yeshiva
14) [line 9] CHAMORIM LUBIM - exceptionally high-quality donkeys from Libya (a district in Egypt)

15) [line 13] SHE'RIPU ATZMAN - they became lax in learning and performing the Mitzvos of the Torah

16) [line 14] "LO HIFNU AVOS EL BANIM ME'RIFYON YADAYIM" - "the fathers do not look back to their children, for feebleness of hands" (Yirmeyahu 47:3)

17a) [line 42] KEDUSHAS DAMIM - an animal whose *value* is consecrated; i.e. Peter Chamor whose value is given to a Kohen
b) [line 43] KEDUSHAS HAGUF - an animal whose *body* is consecrated; i.e. Bechor Behemah Tehorah which is offered on the Mizbe'ach

18) [line 48] SHOR... NISRABEH BI'NESACHIM - the Nesachim (wine libation poured on the Mizbe'ach) that was brought with an ox was greater (half of a Hin) than the Nesachim brought with a sheep or young goat (a quarter of a Hin)

19) [line 48] KESEV... NISRABEH B'ALYAH - the fatty tail of a sheep was offered with the rest of the Eimurim

20) [line 48] EZ... NISRABEH ETZEL AVODAS KOCHAVIM B'YACHID - a goat was brought by an individual who inadvertently sinned through idol worship; if the congregation sinned through idol-worship they bring a cow and a goat

21) [line 52] TZAD RIBUY ETZEL HA'MIZBE'ACH - they have in common the point that when they are offered on the Mizbe'ach a greater proportion is offered; i.e. the fatty tail or more wine

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